Metodologías de laboratorio para la determinación de la incidencia del Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH)

Inicio>>Volumen>>Vol 25, N ° 2 mayo – agosto 2019>>Metodologías de laboratorio para la determinación de la incidencia del Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH)

Metodologías de laboratorio para la determinación de la incidencia del Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH)


Daniel Cascante-Serrano, José Pablo Marín-Gómez


La determinación de la incidencia del Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH) constituye uno de los principales objetivos en la vigilancia epidemiológica la infección por este virus. Con la implementación de una nueva metodología de laboratorio, que sustituye a sus predecesoras en términos de complejidad y costo, se ha abierto la oportunidad para que en un futuro cercano cualquier país pueda incorporar esta técnica como parte de los protocolos ya existentes de vigilancia, esto una vez que esta sea validada por el CDC con la colaboración de los países de la región. Además, la OMS recomienda introducir esta nueva metodología en un algoritmo de infección reciente para la clasificación final de los pacientes portadores del VIH, con el fin de obtener valores confiables de la incidencia de este virus en la población. El objetivo de esta investigación es revisar las metodologías existentes para determinar la incidencia del VIH y la importancia de su validación e implementación en los sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica.

Palabras clave


The incidence determination of HIV is one of the main objectives in the epidemiological surveillance of infection by this virus. With the implementation of a new laboratory methodology, which replaces its predecessors in terms of complexity and cost, the opportunity has been opened up so that in the near future any country can incorporate this technique as part of the existing surveillance protocols, this once it is validated by the CDC with the collaboration of the countries of the region. In addition, the WHO recommends introducing this new methodology in a recent infection algorithm (RITA) for the final classification of patients with HIV, in order to obtain reliable values of the incidence of this virus in the population. The objective of this research is to review existing methodologies to determine the incidence of HIV and the importance of its validation and implementation in epidemiological surveillance systems.

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